The world's top ten agglomerations account for almost 50% of the global GDP and empower the realization of human potential as major hubs of abundant resources. The development of cities inherently leads to the development of agglomerations, which require timely insights, predictive analytics, and strategic decisions to inform about the key aspects of public life. Agglomerations’ boundaries are fluid and volatile, and the very definition of a “citizen'' becomes blurry. The matters of how to coordinate management systems and what administrative tools to use are essential questions. Some of these questions were raised and answered in “Beyond the City. Borders, Scale and Gravity of Urban Agglomerations'' published by the Moscow Urban Forum Analytic center in 2020. 2020 became a pivotal point for many fields and the expert assessment of post-pandemic trends regarding agglomeration development is now even more crucial. What concepts of spatial development, if applied to agglomerations, will allow territories to tap into their economic, social, and cultural potential?
Which operational challenges of agglomerations are global and universal? Which are local and require unique solutions?
Should agglomerations' boundaries – territorial, economic, mental, and environmental – be reconsidered? What are the management modes that currently prove most efficient?
Which agglomerational operations should be prioritized to promote the development of merged areas? Are these universally applicable and country-specific or should each agglomeration be treated as unique?