Great civilizations like the Sumerians and Etruscans, the Maya, the Aztecs, and the Incan empire laid the foundation for future countries. However, they disappeared, unable to cope with the crises of their time.
The modern world faces equally serious challenges each year. India and China must solve the issue of overpopulation. In Reykjavik, a volcano erupted after sleeping for thousands of years because of a series of earthquakes. Forest fires engulfed more than two million hectares in the US, and Berlin and Amsterdam faced a massive outflow of natives. According to the 'antifragility' concept developed by Nassim Taleb, stressful situations are the main drivers for urban growth and future resilience to crises. First civilizations emerged because of the Neolithic Revolution, the Industrial Revolution that formed European capitals, and globalization that created the megacities of the developing world. The main resiliency test in 2020 was the COVID-19 pandemic which united the whole world and made megacities rethink urbanization plans, economic strategies, and climate programs.
What will the process of urban development look like in the future? How will the smart-city transform in the post-COVID era?
How can the great megacities of the past, facing the need for radical transformation, adapt to the new conditions and recreate a comfortable urban environment?
What government initiatives can help cities become more resilient in the face of today's crises and improve the investment climate in the post-pandemic period?