Historic neighborhoods in the city and their development have always been a point of controversy. Should they be conserved or reconstructed, preserved or redesigned? Architectural heritage, including that of the 20th century, is a potential area of interest for citizens, art historians and tourists. As the White City in Tel Aviv was listed by UNESCO as the world largest collection of buildings built in the Bauhaus style, the city has launched a complex and multilevel programme for heritage preservation and citizen engagement. In Moscow, the long-awaited restoration of the Narkomfin building has finally begun, and a programme to preserve and restore buildings from the 1920s-1930s was launched recently in Yekaterinburg and Magnitogorsk. That said, it is essential to carefully consider the restoration or redesign format, along with the objectives and necessary resources before starting work on such projects.